These are the Most Beautiful and Mysterious Caves in the World
Caves are spreading deep into the heart of earth, waiting to be explored and seen. Some of them are mysterious, dangerous, deep and dark and people can only see tiny parts of them. Caves can be teeming with wildlife, as wide as a canyon, or flooded with icy water. They can be made of marble, crystal, or basalt, looking more thrilling than any themed Indiana Jones cave park you have ever seen in your life. The following would take your breath away.
1 Eisriesenwelt Cave
The Eisriesenwelt Cave in Austria is the world’s largest ice cave, with a length of almost 50 kilometers. The translation of its name means “World of the Ice Giants”. Discovered in 1879, its myriad chambers are interconnected, allowing air to flow through all chambers. This also means that the caves can get chilly, so winter wear is appropriate for every season. The ice formations are different colors due to the mineral content, making the inside scenery gorgeous and surreal.. Lamps are handed out to tourists before the tour, and sometimes the ice formations are lit with magnesium lamps for dramatic effect. But, only small part of the cave is open for tourist visits. The caves are located above Werfen Village in Salzburg.
2 Fingal’s Cave
Staffa Island is an uninhabited island off the coast of Scotland. But, the place is host to several sea caves, among them the most famous being Fingal’s Cave. It is also called Uamh Binh, or Cave of Melody. Fingal’s Cave is 70 meters long and is made entirely of interlocking hexagonal pillars of basalt—similar to those found at the Giants’ Causeway—possibly formed by prehistoric lava flow and a tumultuous sea. In 1829, composer Felix Mendelssohn visited Fingal’s cave, and the sound of the waves inside became the inspiration for his Hebrides Overture. He didn’t enjoy the trip much though; Mendelssohn got seasick.
3 Blue Grotto
The Grotto Azzura is Capri’s most famous tourist attraction. It’s a half-flooded sea cavern that is filled with an eerie blue light. In the Roman period, the cavern was said to be the home of nereids, sirens, and devils, though some people still believe in this myth. The blue light is caused by sunlight filtering through an opening near the water’s surface. Anything immersed in the water also appears silver, due to bubbles in the water. The best time to visit the Blue Grotto is early afternoon, when the sunlight shines directly outside the cave.
4 Orda Cave
Ordinskaya, or the Orda Cave, is the longest underwater cave in Russia and the world’s only known underwater gypsum cave. Its length is almost 5 kilometers of cavern with water so clear that divers can see nearly 45 meters ahead and below. One of the good things is that there are no currents in the cave. But, the Orda Cave is not a good place to get lost in. Smaller passages and caverns leading away from the main cavern can easily make visitors get lost. The water, even thgough clear is a freezing down to -20° Celsius at the surface, and any cave surface you touch can easily break off. Cave diver Lamar Hires says that he has seen chunks of gypsum as large as cars and buses fall from the walls and ceiling.
5 The Marble Cathedral
The Cuevas de Marmol, or the Marble Cathedral, is a cave carved into Chile’s General Carrera Lake, which spans the Chile-Argentina border. Visitors a long trip before arriving there: They must fly from the capital to the lake city Coyhaique, then drive 320 kilometers south to the lake. But the long journey is completely worth it when viewers are rewarded with crystal-clear water and beautifully patterned walls of marble. The caves are only accessible by boat. The cave was formed 6,000 years ago by waves crashing into calcium carbonate. The color of the water varies with the weather, water level, and the time of year.