Did you know these facts about the Great Pyramid of Giza?

There is something about the Egyptian Pyramids and the myths and legends about them. They are extremely old, some claim they are alien buildings; while others praise the Egyptian culture…


What do you know about the Great Pyramid of Giza except that it is a royal and grandiose tomb? Here are some not so popular facts about this exceptional piece of architecture.

1 How many stones are there?

The Pyramid has around 2,300,000 stone blocks that weigh from 2 to 30 tons each and there are even some blocks that weigh over 50 tons. How strong were the slaves that were dragging the stones? Maybe after all aliens built it? Or not?

How many stones are there

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2 It’s huge

The base of the Pyramid covers 55,000 m2 (592,000 ft2) with each side greater than 20,000 m2 (218,000 ft2) in area. The ratio of its circumference to its original height is equal to the value of pi: 3.14. Maybe it’s really not a big deal, but did you know that, that was not known for more than another millennium. The ancient Egyptian mathematical and astronomical knowledge remains a complete mystery to modern day scholars.

It’s huge

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3 Even the temperature is constant

The interior temperature is constant and doesn’t go over 20 Degrees Celsius and that in the middle of the desert seems like heavenly temperature. It was probably perfect to keep the pharaoh’s mummified body good through the millenniums.

Even the temperature is constant

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4 They used to shine

Originally, the pyramid was covered with casing stones (they were made of polished limestone) that were reflecting the sun’s light and made the pyramid shine like a diamond. Those casing stones aren’t there anymore, because the Arabs used them to build mosques after an earthquake in the 14th century. Historians and archaeologist claim that the original Pyramid was like a gigantic mirror and reflected light so powerful that it would be visible from the moon as a shining star on earth. Also, the ancient Egyptians called the Great Pyramid “Ikhet”, which in translation means “Glorious Light”. Nobody knows how the blocks were transported and placed on the pyramid.

They used to shine

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5 Inside passages

This pyramid is the only one in Egypt known to have passages inside that go up and go down. For those who want to visit the King’s chamber, they would have to walk down, all the way and bend over. After all you are entering a King’s chamber.

Inside passages

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6 The Pyramid’s swivel door

The Great Pyramid of Giza was believed have a swivel door at the entrance. It weighed 20 tonnes and could easily be pushed open from the inside (as if anyone would have ever tried to go out, even the alive servants that were closed in the pyramid with the pharaoh). On the outside it is very hard to find it because it fits so perfectly, that it is practically invisible.

The pyramid’s swivel door

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7 We can’t rebuild it today

Even if the best architects try, they won’t succeed, because they don’t have the precise technology that the ancient Egyptians had that was necessary to build this Pyramid.

We can’t rebuild it today

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8 The Sphinx

This is a 73.5-meter (241 ft.) long monument, built during the reign of Khafra. The creature is a mythical being commonly found in Greek, Egyptian and even South Asian ancient architecture. The legend says that Sphinx had a riddle that was extremely difficult to answer. Many tried and failed and were devoured by the half-lion half-human looking creature. The riddle was: What is the creature that walks on four legs in the morning, two legs at noon and three in the evening?” The hero Oedipus gave the answer, “Man”. His answer finally killed the Sphinx.

The Sphinx

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9 All that fortune inside

Historians say the purpose of the pyramid was not tombs but an eternal house the King’s body after death. The Giza Pyramids has tunnel systems inside as we mentioned above. Gold, diamonds, the King’s crown and his best clothes, mummified animals such as cats, pots of honey and other foods were meant to serve the King in his afterlife.

All that fortune inside

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