This futuristic bionic eye transplant will let blind people see in coming 10 years

There cannot be a worst feeling than to experience the loss of one of your sensory organs. One of those sensory organs are eyes and people who lose their vision may have a hope since a company by the name of Second Sight has come up with optical implants that will enable blind people to see. Read about it.

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1 The Argus II Bionic eye

The futuristic technology that will enable blind to see is called the Argus II bionic eye or what is technically known as retinal prosthesis system. This technology uses computers and electric signals to fill the gap between retina and the optical nerve that is damaged and translates and communicates the signals of images to the brain. The company by the name of Second Sight has made a bionic eye that does this work and has named it Argus II and it was recently approved by the FDA. It corrects the damage done by Retinitis pigmentosa (RP). Read more about Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) in the next slide.

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The Argus II Bionic eye

Image Source: www.gradedtalon.com

2 What is Retinis Pigmentosa or RP?

Retinitis pigmentosa or RP are a group of genetic illnesses that damage the ability of retina to respond to the light. It is an inherited disease that leads to gradual decrease in our ability to see, loss of night vision and eventually blindness results. Also unfortunately Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) has no cure currently. The retina is a layer behind the eye that has light sensing cells, which convert light rays into nerve impulses. These impulses are then sent to the brain by the optic nerve, where they are recognized as images. Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) causes the cones and rods in the retina to die. These cones and rods are responsible for our night vision and peripheral vision. Read in the next slide, how the Argus II bionic eye will help people suffering from Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and those who have lost their eyes, to see again.

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What is Retinis Pigmentosa or RP

Image Source: www.allaboutvision.com

3 How it will help in coming future?

Second sight medical products from Lausanne, Switzerland invented and produced this path breaking bionic seeing device in order to treat patients with Retinitis pigmentosa (RP). The bionic eye is named Argus II and it consists of a small video camera, a transmitter fitted on a pair of eyeglasses, a video processing unit and an artificial retina that is implanted in the patient’s eye. The images captured by the video camera are processed by the video processing unit and signals are sent to the receiver implanted in the eye. The electrodes in the retinal implant allow the signals to bypass the retina that is already damaged and transmitted directly to the brain and where they are interpreted as visuals. The costs of these implants are $100,000 plus additional costs for surgery and medications.

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