Scientists Develop Fully Beating Human Heart Using Stem Cell Technology
Medical technology is always surpassing itself and with the advent of stem cell technology, the advancements are even more amazing. Scientists last year were elated at having created the world’s first beating human heart using stem cell technology and have been largely successful. The phenomenal feat was achieved by a partnership between scientists of the Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School using adult skin cells to regenerate human heart tissue.
1Adult skin cells used to grow heart cells
The study that was published in the journal Circulation research explained how the team used adult skin cells and applied them to a technique known as Messenger RNA. This turned the stem cells into pluripotent stem cells. They were then induced to become different type of cardiac cells. The amazing research has the potential to save thousands of lives.
2A huge scientific breakthrough
The scientific breakthrough could well mean that a solution is at hand for a huge medical dilemma that professionals have repeatedly faced and that is of heart transplants. Now those requiring transplants could have them whenever needed and that would be a big step forward for the medical industry.
3How they did it
Once the cardiac cells were developed, the heart was infused with a nutrient solution for two weeks and allowed to develop in the same conditions that a heart would normally grow in a human body.
In order to reach their desired goals, the researchers used human hearts that were discarded and not suitable for a transplant. These helped the researchers develop a scaffold of the human heart since they were also filled with blood vessels after which they turned the stem cells into pluripotent cells that later turned into heart cells.
425 million people suffer heart failure
According to statistics, there are almost 25 million people who suffer heart failure worldwide. In the USA alone there are thousands awaiting heart transplants. Among 4000 Americans registered for heart transplants, only 2,500 may receive a new heart in 2019. Those who are lucky to get one will also have to face the risk of their bodies rejecting the new organ if their immunity rebels against it.