Researchers Find Link Between Common Rotavirus Vaccine And Reduced Risk Of Type 1 Diabetes In Children

11What is rotavirus?

It is a virus that is highly contagious causing problems like gastroenteritis or intestinal inflammation. The rotavirus can be easily spread among infants and young children including family members. Only good hygiene can prevent it spreading like washing of hands frequently and cleanliness when one comes in contact with someone with RV.

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12How is Rotavirus spread

People spread RV when they shed the virus into their poop. This allows the virus to get into the environment. This is how others in a household are infected mainly young children. In fact, people can infect others during the symptoms stage and even when they are recovering. People can even infect others before symptoms commence. The most common seasons for children to get rotavirus is in winter and spring.

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13Symptoms of Rotavirus

The typical symptoms of Rotavirus are gastroenteritis, watery stools and diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, fever and abdominal pain. It attacks children and infants the most and spreads easily among them. If not treated in them, RV can cause severe dehydration that may need hospitalization. Children can even succumb to RV because of the dehydration. The symptoms and diarrhea can last from 3 to 8 days. There could also be loss of appetite, decreased urination, mouth dryness, dry throat, dizziness in older children and adults, tearless crying, fussiness and inability to sleep.

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14Does vaccination help?

While vaccination in children helps them not to get so severely sick form the disease, it cannot prevent them contracting the virus more than once. Natural infection from RV and vaccination does not protect a child from future infections.  However, children who are vaccinated are less likely to get severely sick from RV.

While doctors recommend medication for treatment of symptoms. There is no specific medicine for the virus. Antibiotics do not help control or manage the disease since it is a virus and not caused by bacteria.  Patients should consume plenty of liquids especially oral rehydration solutions available at drug stores. In severe cases, IV will be administered during hospitalization. The rotavirus vaccine is the best way to prevent a child from contracting severe forms of the virus. The vaccines are given as drops in the mouth.

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