Researchers claimed humans going to breath underwater soon!
Danish researchers have developed a crystalline material capable of extracting oxygen from the surrounding environment and then restore it.
The originally crystal research team hopes that it can be used for medical purposes, but does not rule in its statement that it also serves for entertainment such as diving. In both cases, it will transport oxygen while avoiding the heavy metal bottles.
1 The properties of this material
It is an amazing material that a team of researchers from the University of Southern Denmark has developed.A crystalline material which has the ability to capture the oxygen from air or water and store it in large quantities. The work of this team was published in late July 2014 in the journal of Chemical Sciences. Indeed, this material has a strong affinity for oxygen that selectively absorbs within its crystal structure. Within the hemoglobin, this selective binding of oxygen is carried out on an iron ion. Within this material, it is cobalt that serves as an attachment point.
2 The crystal structure involves cobalt molecules (big blue balls) and nitrogen (small blue balls)
According to Danish researchers, the crystal would have amazing storage capacity. This material is saturated with oxygen, it can be compared to a bottle containing compressed air, with the difference that this crystal can store three times more oxygen. Without specifying the amount of crystals needed to store much oxygen as a bottle.
According to what Danish researchers have said: a bucket of 10 liters of this material could be able to absorb all the oxygen from a room. Researchers also point out that depending on the settings around the crystal (temperature, pressure, amount of oxygen in the environment) the absorption of oxygen may take a few seconds to a few days.
The researchers claim that this process is reproducible repeatedly. The material functions like a sponge that we can soak in water and then squeeze out the liquid.
3 Breathing everywhere, all the time
Therefore, the Danish teams imagine that this material have a promising future such as respiratory assistance (which still requires some patients to walk with a bottle of oxygen) or even, why not, for diving. Indeed, researchers estimate that “few grains” can store sufficient oxygen to provide the equivalent of a bottle of oxygen to a diver. And he could take with him more than “a few grains”.
A diving instructor said that dumping is not done only with oxygen bottles but also with bottles filled with pure air (O2). Practically, a single stock of crystal can be used repeatedly. This seems also economical, but until now, no cost of production has been revealed.
4 The marketing of this material
While it is promising, nothing has yet been revealed regarding a possible commercial use of the Aquaman crystal. Unfortunately: it won’t be during your next vacation that you can dive under the ocean, perfectly free to move!