Major Scientific Breakthrough Uses Gut Bacteria to Convert Blood Type A Into Universal Donor Blood
Throughout the US almost 16,500 litres of blood are sourced for emergency purposes daily by way of operations, transfusions, and schedules surgeries. The unfortunate thing about blood is that those receiving can’t just accept any blood and that is common knowledge that blood types need to be compatible for a donor and a recipient. But, believe it or not, researchers have actually achieved the unthinkable by making blood types universal for all so that compatibility wouldn’t be an issue. Here is how they did it.
1They tried looking at bacteria from the human gut
The process of trying to make human blood compatible for all was done by researching human gut bacteria. Scientists found that within gut bacteria were microbes that produced two enzymes that had the ability to convert the type blood into a universally accepted one. If the tests proved commercially successful, blood specialists say it would be a revolution for the blood donation industry. One blood transfusion expert Harvey Klein from the National Institute of Health in Bethesda said: “This is a first, and if these data can be replicated, it is certainly a major advance.”
2There are four common blood types
As everyone knows there are four common blood types categorized further into other specifications. A B AB and O. These are defined by the presence of usual sugar molecules on the red blood cell surface. Thus if a person who has blood type B is given a blood type A in a transfusion, the body would reject it were the sugar molecules called blood antigens would trigger response from the immune system to viciously attack the new blood cells.
3Why O is a universal blood type
The thing with O blood type is that these antigens are not present which makes it possible for O blood type to be transfused to anyone making blood type a universal donor. Universal blood is extremely important and vital in emergencies that could save a person’s life especially in cases where medical workers will not have the time to determine the blood type of a person and need to t instantly where transfusions are concerned. In fact, this is why there is a constant shortage of such blood.