Increasing levels of CO2 to push Earth back into Pliocene period
For all the conventions and seminars on Global warming, the earth’s atmosphere will reach a new record, one that has never been breached in 3 million years. This is one record, we definitely do not need and that is the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere which is set to cross the 400 parts per million throughout this year.
Based on research, an environmental study released by the Meteorological office has revealed that the Paris Agreement hardly means a thing,as despite commitments to arrest global warming, there will be no effect on the increasing levels of CO2 in the atmosphere. In fact, the projected level may never fall and will remain this way for the entire lifetime of this generation.
1 Met Study Predicts a Constant Rise in Carbon Levels
The study was part of a paper published in Nature climate change with researched data acquired from the Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii. The observatory is the center for recording carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere. In normal circumstances, the level of Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere usually increases in winter and drops in summer with the onset of spring which sees a spurt in plant growth. However, the prediction of the Met office is that for the first time, there will be no decrease below 400 ppm this year, which is the first ever incidence of CO2 levels not decreasing since the Pliocene period.
2 Education and Awareness of Rising Carbon Footprints Is the Need of the Hour
According to the study, the atmospheric CO2 content is increasing annually, all because of human carbon emissions, which does not seem to be relenting nor decreasing, despite of commitments and principles adopted by governments in reducing the same. Moreover, blatant burning of fossil fuels and no regard for conservation of energy is resulting in populations increasing their carbon footprints on earth.
Governments adopt strategies at high level conferences, but, yet, awareness is lacking at the grassroots level in recognizing a growing and dangerous problem. Local populations need to be educated in understanding the importance of conservation practices in daily life.
3 Earth May Well Be Pushed Back Into the Pliocene Period
According to Dr.Richard Betts of Exeter University, the carbon emissions in this year have increased due to conditions influenced by El Nino and temperature changes in the tropical Pacific Ocean. This results in tropical ecosystems drying up, causing forest fires and reducing intake of carbon.
In 2015, it was announced that CO2 emissions had been stalled, but it was also invariably predicted that it wouldn’t hold and there would be an ultimate increase. The prediction has more than come true, where the level of CO2 emissions has been on the rise at the rate of 2ppm every year. Moreover, there has been a sudden increase in the levels in 2016, which has, so far, broken every temperature record. It won’t be long that the record for CO2 emissions will also be broken by 0.53ppm.
Even though some may feel that the increasing levels of CO2 is just a prediction, but the MET offices have always predicted a similar figure based on solid data and research and has never really been wrong. As El Nino continues to affect the climate, this entire generation can hardly expect to see a reduction of CO2 levels in the atmosphere.
However, even as there isn’t much cause to worry about as the figure denoting carbon emissions is symbolic and remaining at 400 ppm, however, it also goes to show how human influence is impacting the atmosphere in negative ways. The current levels of CO2 were the same during the Pliocene period where average temperatures featured readings in excess of 3°C over and above industrial temperatures. Even sea level during the Pliocene was 66 feet higher than usual and if there is no immediate strategy adopted soon, to arrest carbon emissions, then we may well be headed straight into the past.