Saudi Arabia has no rivers or lakes yet it supplies water to all of its cities, This is truly a mystery
Some governments are truly commendable in their responsibility of providing amenities to the people. Take for Instance Saudi Arabia; a country with no natural water resources has a well oiled infrastructure in place that supplies the entire population with water. In fact, even as we speak, The Kingdom is exploring new methods and techniques to meet the demands of a growing population.
With sandy desert surrounding Saudi Arabia, there is now natural aquifers, lakes or even little pools that can be used a ready source of water supply for the population. Yet it is a mind boggling mystery how Saudi Arabia supplies water to its population.
1 Where Saudi Arabia gets its water from
Saudi Arabia’s water supply is handled by the Ministry of water and power. The primary source of water in Saudi Arabia is aquifers that store water underground. Since the seventies, thousands of Aquifers have been constructed to cater to the demands of the population for agriculture, commercial and domestic purposes.
2 The sea is also a major source of water supply
In addition to aquifers, the only natural source of water in Saudi Arabia is the sea. This is why Saudi Arabia is the biggest user and producer of desalinated water as sea water undergoes the process of desalination to make it fit for drinking.
3 Saudi Arabia is the biggest producer of desalinated water
The saline water conversion corporation SWCC operates and maintains 27 desalination stations which releases 3 million cubic meters of potable water daily. Such desalination plants also provide water for urban domestic consumption and industry. Such water plants are also the source of generating electricity to Saudi Arabia.
4 Desalination in Saudi Arabia is a costly process
To desalinate sea water costs Saudi Arabia $1000 per acre foot. A simple purification process costs just $200 per acre foot. Scientists in Saudi Arabia are currently exploring new methods of desalination that would reduce the costs to a large extent. They also hope to improve the process.
5 Dams are a major source of water in the Kingdom
Saudi Arabia stores 6 billion cubic feet of water in 200 dams of which some are located in Wadi Jizan, Wadi Fatima, Wadi Bisha and Najran. The water from these areas are supplied through an efficient network of canals across the country.
6 Water recycling a major process in Saudi Arabia
Water recycling is observed on a large scale in Saudi Arabia. 40% of used water is supplied to the domestic sector for household chores. For this purpose, recycling plants have been set up in Riyadh, Jeddah and various important industrial centers and cities. Mystery solved, That’s how Saudi Arabia supplies water to its cities.