Be careful and do not make these 6 first aid mistakes
We should be extremely thankful for emergency rooms and hospitals. But before going there for an emergency, you need to administer some first aid to the injury. And that first aid in the first few crucial minutes can be life saving for the patient, especially if the ER is far away or crowded.
The American Heart Association evaluates that 70% of Americans don’t know how to give CPR, which is responsible in doubling the victim’s chance of survival. Handling an injury on time and correctly can have an enormous effect on recovery. But unfortunately, due to different reasons many patients handle everyday wounds the wrong way.
Here are the 6 most common first aid mistakes committed by people.
1 Rubbing alcohol to cool a fever
There is a practice of applying alcohol on the forehead of a fever patient. But the alcohol vanishes rapidly and only presents a sense of coolness; but does nothing to bring down the fever.
Instead of that, try applying an ice cool towel to the forehead, or take a bath under lukewarm water, keep the room cool and let the body sweat as much as it can because it leads to temperature of the body coming down.
Also take some Gingerroot or ginger tea which is proven ways of reducing a fever.
2 Using hydrogen peroxide to clean wounds
The first instinct when a person cuts his arm or leg is to wash the wound and mostly hydrogen peroxide is used to do so. And yes it does clean the wound and kills bacteria that can cause an infection. But it also breaks the healthy cells walls.
Better to wash the wound with a mixture of regular soap and water with the flow of water removing dirt particles from the wound. You can apply some antiseptic solution to the wound to disinfect it.
3 Applying butter to soothe burns
Known as a grandma’s trick, treating burns with butter is actually more risky than you thought. Of the burn is severe, adding butter or oil to it, will only result in more severe burns occurring and it can actually cook the skin even more and cause an infection.
Better treat burns with pouring cold water over them for 15-10 minutes. Never apply ice on the burn as it can react to the skin. If blisters start to form, cover the burn in sterile dressing and rush to the ER.
Another option to treat mild burns in kitchen or doing household burns is to apply a gel made out of aloe vera plant. Aloe vera is not only soothing and cooling to the skin, it is also an antiseptic which will disinfect the burned area.
4 Apply heat on a sprain or fracture
Another incorrect notion, applying heat to a sprain actually increases inflammation and prolongs the healing and recovery time of the injury. Instead, apply ice by covering it in a towel for 20 minutes to reduce the swelling and avoid frostbite.
Also remember this R.I.C.E: rest, ice, compression, and elevation:
- Rest and try not to put any weight on the injured part of the body.
- Don’t apply ice for more than 15-20 minutes at a time. Also weight 45 minutes before applying the ice again.
- Cover the swollen area using a compressed bandage or wrap to the injury rigid and also giving it support.
- Try to elevate the level of heart in order to keep the blood flow away from the injury and give relief to the patient.
5 Bloody nose
If you have a bloody nose, the first instinct is to tilt your head back to stop the flow of blood. But it is the wrong method, since the bleeding doesn’t stop and blood instead collects in your throat, which you inadvertently swallow and then throw up.
Rather than tilting the head backward, you should tilt it forward and pinch your nose just below the bridge to stop the blood flow. Apply the pressure to 5-7 minutes and check for blood flow. If the blood doesn’t stop for 15 minutes, you need to visit the ER and see a doctor for it.