Alert!! World Bank reports that Climate change may push 100m people into poverty by 2030
According to the World Bank report “Shock Waves: Managing the Impacts of Climate Change on Poverty,” the increasing global warming will push 100m people into poverty by 2030. Climatic change is not being given enough importance and that is scary; and this report stands as a proof of this negligence.
It is true that some measures are being taken but they are not stringent enough and this issue needs to be addressed very seriously. The report has come in time for the COP-21 Paris Global Summit on Climate Change and hopefully it rings all the right alarms.
1 The poor will be the worst hit
According to the report , the poor will be the ones taking the worst hit as they are more exposed and are more dependent on the land. Global warming is going to take a toll, which will result in the poor losing their meagre incomes. We have already been witnessing the heat waves and drought situation in Africa; the situation is going to worsen.
The World Bank President Jim Yong Kim stated, “Climate change hits the poorest the hardest, and our challenge now is to protect tens of millions of people from falling into extreme poverty because of a changing climate.”
Also, the uneven distribution of wealth is going to cost us a lot. The rich will take the hit but the poor will be nearly destroyed. All the development in developing countries will take a back seat as people will be struggling to make ends meet. Unless, a strict redistribution and stringent policy on the carbon-dioxide emissions comes to place, we cannot expect any change in the near future and the doom is set to begin.
2 What does the future hold for Africa and South Asia?
Food prices in Africa could increase by 12% due to just climate change and this is indeed alarming. The temperature in Central Africa will rise by 7 degree Celsius and this would be disastrous for crops like plantain and maize, which are the main sources of survival.
This would also mean no secondary education for many in Central Africa, as 70% of people’s incomes are dependent on plantain crops and people wouldn’t be able to afford education anymore. This will pose a similar situation for health issues too and not to forget hunger will become the biggest impediment the world has to face.
The situation will be similar if not worse in South Asia too, as many of these counties that are still developing, are poor and are the most dependent on agriculture than anywhere else.
Unlike Western countries, which are comparatively colder, these countries are already warm and hence will be more prone to severe heat waves, droughts, water scarcity and many other problems.
3 Will emissions reduction be enough?
According to statistics and the World Bank reports, even if we bring in stringent laws to reduce emissions, it will hardly make any difference by 2030. But in the present situation taking care of poor and curtailing poverty should be the main priority. And the stringent laws would help us get out of the ugly situation.
We have already witnessed the price hike for fuel, but we can expect it to get more expensive. There is no other way out, at least in the near future, and climate condition poses a grave problem that will be devastating to the world on the whole and it’s high time we did something about it.
4 How can things be sorted?
The COP-21 Paris Global Summit, which will be held from Nov 30th- Dec 11th must bring out solutions for both near and distant future. For immediate relief, the concentration should be focused on the poor because the report clearly states that “Ending poverty will not be possible unless we take strong action to reduce the threat of climate change on poor people and dramatically reduce harmful emissions”.
Researching and using alternative energy has never been this important; this could be an alternative at the moment but it will become a sheer necessity very soon. Unless, we mend our ways and stop basking in the glory of pseudo development, we are headed to a very dark future. A lot of expectations are riding on the upcoming COP-21 Paris Global Summit as it could determine our future and have a great impact on our present. Until then, keep your fingers crossed…