5 Different ways in which worldwide climate change Impacts women negatively
The United Nations finalized its Sustainable Development Goals in September 2015 with the main aim to eliminate poverty and also minimizing the harmful effects of climate change. Some advocates are working to spread the message that climate change impacts men and women in different ways — and the UN goals need to reflect this bitter truth. Well, there is a gender bias on the part of environment that has greater impact of climate change on the fairer sex and this is definitely a fact few people know. Here are some more insights on this fact.
1 Worldwide Climate Change
Most women around the world need to adjust their lives to the changing climate. The increase in droughts, floods and storms are having a major impact on economic development and migration and are the biggest environmental threats at present.
Take a look at some photographs which show the disturbing effects of Global Warming on our planet.
2 Climate Effects on African Farmers
Weather and temperature are two things that greatly affect the crop yield. As most of the African farmers are women, the reduction in crop yields is eventually going to affect their life. Recent studies have confirmed that women suffer disproportionately from the impacts caused by severe weather conditions and climate change due to cultural norms and unequal distribution of role, resources and power in developing countries.
3 Natural Disasters May Cost a Woman’s Life
Global warming is known to have adverse impacts on the environment. This may give rise to floods and similar other natural disasters. Studies have revealed that in developing nations, there is a greater chance of women dying in such calamities. In times of drought or floods, when agricultural production is affected, men can use their savings to invest in other areas. Under these situations, women usually give more priority to the nutritional requirements of their husbands and kids before their own.
Similarly, in some of the developing cultures, women are not permitted to learn to swim. That could be another reason why they fail to save their own lives in such calamities.
4 Lack of Financial Independence Hampers Women’s Lives
Experts are of the opinion that lack of independence and decision-making power restrict the ability of women to adapt with the climatic changes taking place around the world. In developing countries around the world, women have limited or almost no control over the finances and assets of their families. There are many communities in which their representation in politics is limited. So, they have limited influence over the strategies of their communities to adapt policies that support their rights and priorities.
5 The Impact of Resource Shortage on Women
In most developing nations, women are the ones who fetch water or gather essential resources. A climate change or global warming eventually leads to depletion of these resources. This means that women have to travel farther to gather the same resources or fetch water. This means greater physical work and exhaustion for women as a result of the climate change. This is one impact that is seen to be gender biased favouring men against women.
6 Lack of Access to Energy Friendly Appliances
In most households, women are the ones who make use of household appliances. The old appliances were not energy efficient. They used up more energy. They also gave out harmful fumes and emissions which eventually affected the health of the women using these appliances. A research reveals that the number of women who have access to the latest and most advanced appliances is much less than the number of men. Thus, women are not in a position to give up old and hazardous appliances that harm the environment and have hazardous impact on health too.
7 This scenario can however be altered by taking the right steps in this direction
The situation is definitely biased, but improvements can be made if right steps are taken. Some of the measures which can be taken to reduce this bias against women are listed below:
Biogas systems can play a major role in enhancing health (trachoma, gastrointestinal and respiratory) and minimize carbon emissions and deforestation.
Apart from reducing their emission rates, implementation of development projects in vulnerable communities can enhance their ability to adapt, reduce poverty, empower women and improve healthcare.
Women should be equally involved while making important political decisions.
Though the measures are far from being enough, some start would definitely reduce the vulnerability of women when it comes to facing the negative effects of climate change.