Ways in which spinal cord injuries may impact our health and how you can avoid such injuries
We often use the word spine in different contexts to reveal the courage or strength of a person. There is a reason for this. The spinal cord is one of the most significant parts of the human body. Any injury to the spinal cord can greatly impact the human health. The implications could vary from person to person as a spinal cord injury can have impact on different body functions. Here we have listed down a few of the major impacts of spinal cord injuries on any individual:
1 Impact of Spinal Cord Injury on Circulation
The brain usually sends the message to control heart rate and blood pressure. The messages to constrict the blood vessels or increase heart rate are sent by the brain through the spinal cord. When you have a spinal cord injury, there is a risk of the signals getting interrupted. As a result your heart rate and blood pressure may reduce. This can adversely hamper your health.
The circulation changes are also known to increase your chance of developing blood clots like pulmonary embolus and deep vein thrombosis. There are other life threatening problems that may result due to circulation problems. This could be the excessive rise of blood pressure often referred to as autonomic hyper-reflexia.
2 Impact of Spinal Cord Injury on Bladder Control
Many individuals who suffer from spinal cord injuries also suffer from urinary tract infections. This is because the spinal cord plays a major role in the message carrying process. While your kidneys are able to store urine, the brain is unable to send the message through the injured spinal cord. Thus, bladder control may be lost due to the injury in your message carrier. There are also greater chances of kidney infections due to spinal cord injuries.
Spinal cord reflexes may remain affected till the time your spine is injured. During this time, the messages passed by the brain are not transferred through the spine.
3 Impact of Spinal Cord Injury on Respiratory Health
There is a direct impact of spinal cord injury on respiratory health. You may find it difficult to cough and get rid of bacteria or secretions. Your spinal cord may become weak and thus you may not be able to cough properly.
If you have a spinal cord injury that affects the abdominal muscles, there are greater chances of you having respiratory health problems like pneumonia.
4 Impact of Spinal Cord Injury on Skin Sensation
The spinal cord injury may also impact your skin sensations. This means that you may not understand when something hurts or itches your skin. This is again because the spine that carries the messages from the brain is injured.
You may also not realize prolonged heat or cold. This may even result in many health problems associated with skin.
At the rehabilitation centre, the healthcare professionals will tell you what steps you need to take to make sure that your skin health remains intact during your recovery. Follow what they say and you will recover quickly.
5 How to prevent spinal cord injuries
Here are some simple steps to help prevent spinal cord injuries since precaution is always better than cure:
- You must make it a point to wear a seatbelt while you are travelling.
- Dive into water only when you are sure there are no rocks inside and the water is sufficiently deep.
- Play sports wearing the essential protective gear.
- Indulge in some low risk exercises regularly to maintain proper health of the spine