Things you need to know about AIDS related Lymphoma
AIDS Related Lymphoma is a type of cancer of white blood cells. AIDS related lymphoma is also known as NHL or Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma. As we know that once a person is diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus or HIV, his or her immune system becomes very fragile as a result of which there remain high chances of developing specific types of cancers. Thus, AIDS related lymphoma hits the white blood cells which fights infections and destroys them. It can occur even if someone has a high count of CD4. These are a kind of cell of the immune system.
As we know that the lymph system is prevalent in the entire human body, so the AIDS related lymphoma is likely to occur in any part of the body. It can spread everywhere and can affect body organs such as the brain, kidney, liver, bone, abdomen, etc.
1 Parts Of The Lymphatic System
As already discussed, we have come to know that AIDS related Lymphoma occurs in the lymphatic system. In order to have a clear idea about the lymphatic system let us know about its different parts.
Lymph – The lymph is a colorless liquid that passes through the entire lymph system carrying lymphocytes which are actually the white blood cells. Lymphocytes are very important as they avoid the development of tumors in the body and also protect us from any kind of infections.
Lymph nodes – Lymph nodes are bean shaped and small in size and function as a storehouse of white blood cells which are very essential for fighting diseases and infections. Lymph nodes are found along the lymph vessels of the body. Lymph nodes can be located in body parts such as the neck, pelvis, underarms, groins and abdomen.
Lymph vessels – This is a complex arrangement which resembles a network that consists of slim tubes which accumulates the liquid lymph from the various body parts and returns it back to the main stream of blood.
Thymus – Thymus is an organ inside which the white blood cells grow and flourish. This organ is situated in the chest at the back of the breastbone.
Spleen – Spleen is an organ that produces white blood cells and stores them too. It also functions as a filter of blood and destroyer of old and useless blood cells. The spleen is situated on the left side of the abdomen.
Tonsils – Tonsils are two in number are actually miniature masses made up of lymph tissues. The tonsils produce the white blood cells called the lymphocytes and can be found behind the throat.
Bone marrow – Bone marrow is a very important element found in the core of large bones. It is actually a very soft and spongy tissue. The bone marrow is known to yield the platelets, red blood cells as well as the white blood cells.
2 Symptoms of AIDS related lymphoma
If you are suffering from the following symptoms then you should consult a doctor immediately as these can be a symptom of AIDS related lymphoma.
- Night sweats
- Loss of weight without any particular reason
- A feeling of plumpness under the ribs
- Swollen and painless lymph nodes in the underarms, groins, neck or chest
- Fever without a reason
- Tiredness and fatigue
- Rashes in the skin along with itchy feeling
3 Different Kinds of Lymphoma
Lymphomas are mainly categorized into two classes which are Hodgkin’s Lymphoma and Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma. Both these types of lymphomas are likely to occur in patients who suffer from AIDS. It is however, seen that Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma is more common than Hodgkin’s Lymphoma.
The cells present in Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma appear differently when viewed under a microscope. These cells can either be slow growing or aggressively growing in nature. It is seen that in AIDS related lymphoma the cells grow very aggressively.
4 The Different categories of AIDS Related Lymphoma
According to the look of the cells, there are three different categories of AIDS related lymphoma.
- B Cell Immunoblastic Lymphoma
- Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma
- Small Non Cleaved Cell Lymphoma
If one acquires any kind of AIDS related lymphoma then it is advisable that the patient should start off with his or her treatment procedure as soon as possible as any kind of delay might cost one’s life.
- This is the edited version, but needs some additions. Please make all the changes and additions in this version only.
- Please add the importance of the lymphatic system here.
- Also the treatment options for AIDS related lymphoma, otherwise a health related article would be looking really incomplete.
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