There is a new hope for cancer cure as a surprise vaccine may help
Cancer is one of the major causes of death right now in the world. Scientists are doing their best in order to find cures or preventive measures for most types of cancers and though some drugs do show potential, most of them fail when it comes to curing the cancer from the root itself. Glioblastoma or the cancer in the brain, behind the eyes is a highly fatal cancer. It causes malignant tumors to form in the brain as the cells develop quickly and most patients have only months to live when the cancer is diagnosed.
But Duke University has found a new method of not only combating this cancer, but has used a very unique way to cure it. Find out which potential cancer cure, the University has invented.
1 The curious case of Stephanie Lipscomb
In 2011, 20-year-old Stephanie Lipscomb was a nursing student who was battling crippling headaches and severe bouts of migraines every day. When she went for her check up, her doctor gave her news that turned her world upside down. Lipscomb had glioblastoma, a type of cancer which had formed tumors in her head, which were the size of tennis balls. The doctor gave her mere days to live and she was told to have surgery. Lipscomb had the surgery and got the tumors removed, but in 2012, the cancer returned. This time, however, surgery was not an option anymore and her doctor gave her an option of undergoing an experimental trial at the Duke University which was holding a very challenging and interesting study.
2 The Polio vaccine helped her out
The Duke University was trying to kill the cancer cells by using polio virus. Biologist Matthias Gromeier had re-engineered the virus, removing a genetic sequence, which took away the virus’ capability to paralyze or kill people as it cannot reproduce in normal cells. But the re-engineering process made it possible for the polio virus to reproduce in the cancer cells and in the process it released a toxin that killed cancer cells. The process also updated the immune system of the body with the knowledge of such cells as these cancer cells were impossible to detect. Gromeier explained that every cancer had the protective shield around itself to go undetected by the immune system. The remodeled polio virus removed that shield and enabled the immune system to kill that cancer cell.
3 FDA gives approval to the trial of the treatment
Lipscomb underwent the treatment for 21 months and her tumors began to shrink. Three years later, in 2014, an MRI showed that there were no cancerous cells at all and her cancer had gone forever. Even the FDA recognized the unique treatment method and gave the treatment a “breakthrough” status, enabling the makers of the vaccine to fast track the drugs into the market as quickly as possible. The research team at the Duke University is happy about the results of the drug, but they are not calling it a cure yet. They want to test the drug on other cancer cells and see the results. They are confident that it would work in the same way as all cancer cells share the basic structure.