6 Signs Of Thyroid Cancer You Should Never Ignore, According To Doctors
3Swallowing or breathing becomes difficult
A tumor caused by an advanced thyroid cancer can exert pressure on the structures within the neck such as the windpipe or the food pipe which can in turn make swallowing or breathing quite difficulty. So watch out for when you face these problems to take them as signs of thyroid cancer.
Extreme diarrhea is a specific symptom of medullary thyroid cancer. Due to the proteins made by this cancer it causes people to have bowel movements between 10 and 20 times per day. In most cases patients with chronic diarrhea get evaluated by gastroenterologists for several months or even years without being able to find the cause of diarrhea. In these cases, it commonly turns out to be related to medullary carcinoma.
5A large lump at the base of your neck
Physicians will incidentally notice this symptom in a physical exam when they feel this lump in your thyroid gland. This lump is typically painless. You can be at risk of developing thyroid cancer if you have received radiation to your neck. So, if you do happen to notice a lump at the base of your neck then get it examined by your physician to check whether it can develop into cancerous lump.
6Swollen lymph nodes
If you have a thyroid cancer tumor which grows bigger then it could also cause your lymph nodes to start swelling on the side of the neck. However, your lymph nodes tend to swell with any illness like a common cold, so it is unlikely that it is always a symptom of thyroid cancer.
Treatment for thyroid cancer
Each different thyroid cancer has a different form of treatment depending on their degrees of aggression.
For differentiated and medullary thyroid cancer
The primary treatment for differentiated and medullary thyroid cancers involves surgically removing half or all of the thyroid gland and if necessary, even the lymph nodes in the area. A radioactive iodine pill will be given to some patients as a follow-up treatment. This pill gets concentrated specifically in the thyroid cells, including the cancerous ones, and will eventually kill them off. Next, these patients will receive thyroid medication hormones to make up for what their body used to produce. However, only selective patients receive radioactive iodine and how much surgery they require needs to be determined.
Sometimes patients with differentiated thyroid cancer may not have to undergo any treatment at all. These patients are put under active surveillance in which their cancer is monitored via ultrasound every 4 to 6 months in the first year or two after the diagnosis. Thereafter it will be monitored every 6 to 12 months.
For anaplastic thyroid cancer
Since anaplastic thyroid cancer is very aggressive its treatment is little different. The only available treatment for this type of thyroid cancer is some chemotherapy options which can allow people with it to love for 1-2 years with a good quality of life.
It is important to consult a doctor who specializes in the treatment of thyroid cancer if you are diagnosed with it. To deal with anaplastic thyroid cancer you first need to collect all the information of your diagnosis from a team of doctors before deciding the next best course of action for treatment. Some doctors recommend visiting the American Thyroid Association to help you locate the best doctor for your treatment.