Research finds out that ovarian cancer deaths can be reduced by this method!
Ovarian cancer is a mostly genetic cancer, which affects the woman’s ovaries and quickly spreads to other parts of the body like bowels and abdominal cavity and ultimately results in the death of the patients, unless the cancer is diagnosed and treated.
But since the cancer spreads quickly, diagnosis in early stages is quite difficult. According to American Cancer Society, there are no good tests for determining the cancer early. But a new study conducted in UK, has given hope and debunked ACS’s stance.
Here is what the research was all about and how it gives a new hope for all the women who live under the threat of this dreadful disease. But before that, let us give details about ovarian cancer.
1 Ovarian cancer
Ovarian cancer is the cancer that begins in the ovaries and then expands its roots into other parts of the body. This type of cancer is pretty common in women who experience uncommon pain in their stomachs.
The cancer is also dangerous as it is a fast spreading cancer. It originates in the ovaries and quickly spreads to abdominal cavity, the bowels and abdominal lining. Once it reaches these places, the next in line is usually the liver and/or lungs.
The scientists do not know clearly as to what causes ovarian cancer, but the most known reasons are genetic fault. 10 out of 1000 ovarian cancers are due to the mutation of BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes in the DNA of the patient.
2 Symptoms and treatment
The early symptoms of ovarian cancer are frequent bloating of the stomach, pain in pelvis or the belly, having trouble eating food or feeling full after just a few bites. Having a urinary problem like trouble going to urination or in some cases, frequent urination can be a big sign of having ovarian cancer.
The problem is that all of these signs are too similar to any normal digestive or monthly menstrual problems. Also these symptoms start all of a sudden and once they start, they don’t go away. Treatments of ovarian cancer are similar as any other cancer with options being chemotherapy, radiation and surgery.
Chemotherapy can shrink ovaries and slows the growth of cancer. Along with medicines, chemotherapy can help in remitting the cancer, if detected early enough. Otherwise the last option that remains is surgery to either remove the whole uterus and the cervix or removal of one or both fallopian tubes.
A new study published in the journal Lancet suggests that women should get themselves scanned regularly in order to look for ovarian cancer. The study says that every woman should be scanned and focus should not be only on the women who are at higher risk of disease.
Doing this can easily reduce the cancer related death rate to 20%. “The findings are of importance given the limited progress in treatment outcomes for ovarian cancer over the last 30 years,” said Usha Menon, one of the lead researchers of the trial.
Researchers used two tools to test women for ovarian cancer, namely a blood test which looks for CA-125 protein, which is produced due to advanced ovarian tumors. The second technique used, was a trans-vaginal ultrasound. The study included 200,000 women all over UK from 2001 to 2005.
The researchers split them in 3 groups: half receiving no ovarian cancer screening and the other half participants were split in two further groups- one receiving both test and another getting just ultrasound.
The research team found out that for every 10,000 women going for ovarian cancer screening, 15 deaths can be avoided. The study also gave the result that only one in three women went through surgery, due to being diagnosed with advanced surgery.
Around 21,000 women in US get diagnosed with ovarian cancer every year and an estimated 14,000 women die of the disease. But, these deaths can be reduced if regular screenings are done the screening can lead to an early diagnosis and treatment can be started early enough.
Signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer; which should be known by every woman!