8 Medical Tests Every Adult Should Consider Taking to Prevent Serious Diseases
6Blood cancer test
Getting a general analysis of your blood is always necessary. It can prove beneficial if it helps in detecting leukemia, which is also known as blood cancer, early on. The 3 main types of blood cancer include leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma. Apart from these 3 there are 137 different types of blood cancer as well.
How to check for blood cancer?
A simple blood test is required to know if you have blood cancer or not as it can:
- Help in detecting and diagnosing some blood cancers like leukemia and lymphoma
- Find out if the cancer has already spread to the bone marrow.
- Determine how a person’s body is handling cancer treatment
- Diagnose other noncancerous conditions as well.
7Bone density test
You can get your bone density checked anytime. Conditions which involve weakening of the bone mainly affect older people, especially women. When checking your bone density you will have to give your urine sample which will measure the rate at which you are losing bone mass and then an x-ray (DXA test) annually. Adults are highly recommended to take this test.
To find out what could be causing your bones to weaken you should take these medical tests to prevent serious diseases like osteopenia. However, if your x-ray does diagnose you with osteopenia which is a pre-osteoporotic state of low bone density, you will then be recommended by your doctor to consume nearly 1,000 mg of calcium and 400 to 800 IU of vitamin D every day.
Doctors usually recommend a urinalysis since it is a regular screening which helps detecting early signs of kidney disease, urinary tract infection or UTI, diabetes, and more. But, sometimes additional screening methods are required for abnormal urinalysis such as:
- Urine culture tests
- Blood tests
- Liver or renal panel tests
- Complete blood count
- Comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP)
- Imaging tests like CT scans or MRIs
There are 3 distinct testing phases in a complete urinalysis
- A visual examination to evaluate the color and transparency of the urine.
- Chemical examinations to chemically test for 9 substances which can determine the concentration of the urine and also determine if there are any infections or diseases, and how healthy the person is.
- Microscopic examination which can identify and count the type of cells, cast crystals, and various components like mucus and bacteria present in the urine.