8 Medical Tests Every Adult Should Consider Taking to Prevent Serious Diseases
Taking care of your health doesn’t necessarily depend on your current age. No matter what your age, you need to put some effort into keeping yourself healthy. Besides adopting healthy habits and maintaining a good diet, part of staying healthy also involves getting proper screening tests which can detect any underlying health problems while they’re still treatable.
If you don’t know what kind of screening you need to get done sooner to reduce any risk of it becoming life-long or proving fatal later, then here is a list of medical tests to prevent serious diseases:
1Pelvic exam and Pap smear
Women who are 21 years or older should have a pelvic examination or Pap smear every 3 years to check for any signs of cervical cancer. However, you may not need to take the physical pelvic exam anymore because the death rate from this disease has significantly declined.
How effective is a Pap Smear Test?
There has been a 74% decline because of the Pap smear. Just like pelvic exams, Pap smear also looks for changes in cells which provide an indication as to whether further testing like a biopsy is needed. It is best to get these medical tests to prevent serious diseases like cervical cancer done early.
A cholesterol test always involves a blood test in which your doctor can ask you to not eat for nearly 9-12 hours before the test. A cholesterol test generally measures the levels of your HDL or good cholesterol, LDL or bad cholesterol, and triglycerides. 200 mg/dL should be the ideal healthy total cholesterol goal.
It would be best for all adults over the age of 35 years to have their cholesterol checked every 5 years. However, if you already have certain risk factors then, screening should begin at the age of 20. These factors include:
- BMI over 30
- A family history of stroke
- Close relatives who’ve had heart attacks