Look out for these signs of type 2 diabetes to take preventive measures for your loved ones before it gets late!
If there is a patient having type 2 diabetes then it means that his/her body is unable to use the hormone insulin properly. This hormone is required to take glucose or sugar from blood into cells so that it can be used for energy. If your body lacks insulin or when the insulin is unable to function the way it should then glucose collects in the blood instead of being used by the cells. Here we are about to tell you a few signs and symptoms that will help you identify type 2 diabetes.
1 Frequent urination
Excess of glucose present in blood; results in the kidneys reacting by flushing glucose out of the blood and into the urine. This causes excess production of urine. If you happen to urinate more than normal and find yourself waking up a number of times at night to rush to the loo then get yourself checked for type 2 diabetes.
2 Increased thirst
The more you urinate the more fluid you lose out of your body and you get dehydrated. Chances are that you develop a dry mouth and feel thirsty very often. If you notice that you get a dry mouth very often and are experiencing increased thirst than before then you can have type 2 diabetes.
3 Sudden weight loss
With cells not getting enough glucose in case of type 2 diabetes, you may find yourself losing weight all of a sudden without any reason. Also, frequent urination results in loss of calories and water leading to weight loss.
4 Excessive hunger pangs
Excessive pangs of hunger can be yet another sign of type 2 diabetes. This can be due to the sharp highs and lows of your blood sugar level. When your body blood sugar level drops, it thinks that it has not been fed and craves more for food.
5 Skin problems
Itchy skin, dry skin, darkening of skin and any other kind of skin problem can be related to type 2 diabetes.
6 Foot pain and numbness
Persistent exposure to high blood sugar can damage your nervous system and lead to a condition called diabetic neuropathy. While some patients may not experience symptoms of nerve damage, others may notice numbness, tingling sensation and even pain in the extremities. Usually it is the foot that experiences the first signs of pain and numbness.
7 Frequent infections
Once your blood sugar level elevates, both bacteria and yeast multiply quickly making your body susceptible to a variety of infections. Women with type 2 diabetes are more likely to suffer from vaginal infections. Patients are also known to acquire foot infections.
8 Slow healing
If you notice that any kind of infection, cut or bruises do not heal quickly then it can be a clear signal to type 2 diabetes. This generally happens because of the fact that blood vessels get damaged owing to excessive quantity of glucose travelling in the arteries and veins. It is this reason that makes it difficult for blood that is needed to facilitate healing to reach the different parts of the body.
9 Blurred vision
If you are having blurry or distorted vision or find yourself seeing floaters or occasional light flashes then these can be a direct consequence of high blood sugar level. As blurry vision is a refraction problem, when the blood glucose level is high, it changes the shape of the lens and the eye. However, a good news, associated with this is that this symptom is reversible once the blood sugar level regains its normal level. But if you let your blood sugar level go unchecked for a prolonged period of time then the glucose can cause permanent eye damage, even blindness, something which is not reversible.
People having high blood sugar level for prolonged period of time are likely to experience the feeling of tiredness and sickness. Even small routine works like going to the bathroom a couple of times can make you feel exhausted.
The problem is that one may have type 2 diabetes and not know about it for years. So, in case you happen to experience any of the above mentioned symptoms of type 2 diabetes then it is of utmost importance to get your blood sugar levels checked the soonest. With proper medication and a healthy lifestyle you can surely lead a healthy and happy life.