Here is how you can prevent the risk of cataract
By the term cataract we mean clouding of the eye lenses. This is a common factor that is known to impair vision and has affected billions of people worldwide. In fact, age related cataract is one of the leading causes of blindness today. Most people over the age of 40 are affected by cataract and according to a survey conducted by Prevent Blindness America, there are more cases of cataract in the world than glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and macular degeneration combined. However, no matter what your age is, there are still a few effective ways in which you can reduce the risk factors of cataract and slow their development. After all, it is not a wise option to wait till the time you have cataract to start thinking about the matter seriously. Here are ways in which you can work out smartly and keep cataract at bay.
1 Go for regular eye check-ups
It never matters if you have a healthy and clear vision. Going for timely and regular eye check-ups is a must for all. Make your eyes a priority and schedule yearly eye check-ups. If you opt for routine visits to an eye care professional then there are chances that any instance of glaucoma, cataract, macular degeneration and other vision related disorders can be taken care of at the right time before it’s too late. In fact, early detection can help a great deal in saving your sight.
2 Cut back on smoking and drinking
The health hazards that come with smoking and drinkingis not unknown to anyone. But, few people know that these habits can be harmful to your eyes as well. According to research, smoking can double your chances of acquiring cataract and the risk continues to grow further depending on the number of butts you smoke each day. And as far as alcohol is concerned, it too poses the same hazards to your eyes as cigarettes. So, if you are a smoker or drinker better quit the habit now.
3 Eat a healthy diet
Several vitamins, minerals and antioxidants are known to reduce the risk of developing cataracts. Also those with diabetes are at a higher risk of developing the condition. This is why it is essential to maintain a healthy blood sugar level as well. A healthy diet should be your top most priority. Include a lot of green leafy vegetables in your diet and eat fresh fruits and juices on a daily basis. It is often said that we don’t get enough nutrients required by our body from the food we eat. Making up for those insufficient amounts of nutrients with vitamin supplements is a good idea. Also opt for eating foods that are rich in antioxidants such as selenium, beta carotene, Vitamins C and E as they greatly help in warding off the risk of cataract development.
Whole grains should be included in the diet as they are good for the eyes. Consumption of fishes that are rich in omega 3 fatty acids have also been linked to reduced progression of cataracts and their prevention.
4 Stay away from processed foods
If you want to maintain a good eye health then abstain from fatty and greasy foods like fries, patties and chips and other processed foods and snacks that are available in the market. Soft drinks and sugary processed snacks should also be avoided. In short, junk foods are a strict No-No.
5 Use sunglasses
Always protect your eyes from the harmful UV rays of the sun and your eyes will be grateful to you. Ultraviolet light can hasten the formation of cataract so make sure that the next time you step out in the sun you use sunglasses. Also you can reduce your exposure to the sun by wearing a wide brimmed hat to minimize the negative effect of the UV rays.
6 Avoid using corticosteroid medicines
Use of oral steroids for a long term can increase the risk of cataract formation. Though there have been several studies that are conflicting in nature, it is proved that whether it is nasal spray steroids or inhaled ones all play havoc in the development of cataracts. It is always advised that before you begin any drug regimen, consultation with a doctor is a must.
So, follow a healthy lifestyle, eat healthy and exercise regularly and you are sure to have a good vision that will last long.