Everything you should know about skin pigmentation – causes, remedies and preventive measures
Skin pigmentation or discolouring should not be ignored as sometimes it could indicate a severe problem. If you notice any pigmentation or discoloring anywhere on your skin, do not hesitate to consult a dermatologist. Any kind of changes on the skin should be reported at the earliest for a better chance at treatment. However, if the cause is clear such as it being a result of an acne breakout, there is plenty you can do to reverse the effects, from using powerful skincare products to having some Renewus treatments.
Skin pigmentation may occur due to various reasons; the cause could be as simple as sunburn or it could be as fatal as skin cancer. The doctor may take a small biopsy of the affected part to determine the reason. Hence, whatever the reason for skin pigmentation, simple or complex, make the needful trip to the doctor.
1 Some Causes of skin pigmentation
Most of us tend to have sensitive skin, especially when it comes to sunburn. An extra blob of sun screen will do you loads of good. Sun burn or any other burn may heal but will usually leave a pigmented scar. Some medicines may make your skin extra sensitive to the sun. Radiation therapy may also sometimes cause skin pigmentation.
Fungal or/and Bacterial infections may cause skin pigmentation. This could also make skin patchy, flaky or scaly and the skin may start to wrinkle. Erythrasma, a chronic skin infection is one such example that leads to the above skin changes. Another fungal infection that can cause skin changes is Tineaversicolor.
Autoimmune Diseases and Allergies
Many autoimmune diseases and allergies can not only cause discolouring of the skin but can also make it oozy and patchy. Autoimmune diseases like lupus erythematosus and dermatomyositis cause changes in skin color. Eczema, which is a hypersensitive allergic reaction, can cause the skin to turn red with scaly patches that ooze.
Hormonal changes can change skin colour as well. Especially during pregnancy, many pregnant women suffer from Melasma, or chloasma. These changes cause dark patches on the face. It is also called the “mask of pregnancy.”
Now, we are not talking about all kinds of birth marks. Some light coloured spots or Café-au-lait spots are common and perfectly normal. But if these spots are more, then it can indicate neurofibromatosis, a genetic disorder that has negative effect on the growth and formation of nerve cells.
Almost everyone has moles since birth, but if your mole appears to grow or the colour around it starts to change, get it tested as soon as possible. Mongolian blue spots, or the bluish patches that appear on a baby’s skin will eventually fade away, you don’t need to worry about that.
Cancer can cause many changes in your body, including skin colour or texture; if you witness a rapid change in skin lesions, get it examined by a doctor.
2 Home remedies that can treat skin pigmentation
Despite the fact your skin cells will replenish themselves over time, you can still get deep, stubborn areas of pigmentation that require professional treatment to speed up the process. Luckily, new technology is entering the market, which promises results in this area. The Sciton Laser and light wand treatments are a couple of the most popular examples so far, but micro-needling is also being trialed at the moment. However, if you’ve only just noticed a blemish appearing, there are plenty of home remedies that can cure this kind of skin pigmentation easily and very effectively. You could also get a skin lightening cream though if you preferred. However, here are some of the most effective home remedies to cure your skin problems:
- Aloe Vera gel can work wonders for your skin. Apply aloe gel for 15-20 minutes on the affected area and wash it using lukewarm water.
- Mix tomato or cucumber juice with a bit of milk and apply it on the pigmented skin. This will give you great results besides soothing your skin.
- Try a paste of almonds and honey and wash it after 15-20 minutes every day to see amazing results.
- Potatoes are absolutely amazing for skin. It not only wards off dark circles but also work miracles on pigmented skin. You can cut a potato into pieces and rub it on the affected area, or you can apply potato juice directly. Follow this routine everyday to observe the difference in your skin.
- You can also make a paste of sandalwood powder, turmeric powder and milk. Spread it gently on the affected area for 15-20 minutes and wash it off gently.
3 Preventive methods
Although, some pigmentation cannot be avoided, taking a better care of your skin can help you stay away from unnecessary skin pigmentation. Always use a sunscreen half an hour prior to stepping out into the sun.
Keep yourself well hydrated and eat a balanced meal that provides you with all the essential nutrients and vitamins needed for your body.
Watch out for medications that could give you allergic reactions or rashes and discolouring. A healthy skin means, a healthy and an attractive you!