Want to lose weight via surgery? Check this comparison between different types of surgery first
Weight gain and obesity is the number 1 concern in today’s world. Unhealthy food consumption and complete lack of fitness and exercise has made people obese and sort options to lose weight. One of the those ways are different types of weight loss surgeries and we have for you a comparison of the most popular weight loss surgeries complete with pros and cons for each.
1 Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass
This Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass surgery involves creating a small pouch on the upper part of the stomach and food can only be received in this pouch. This reduces the amount of food that one will eat, leading to weight loss. Despite the surgeon connecting the small intestine to that small pouch, the main stomach keeps producing digestive juices. Major pros of this surgery are 50% weight loss within first 6 months of surgery and weight loss continues upto 2 years. It improves conditions like obesity, heart disease and high cholesterol as weight is controlled. However there are some cons to this surgery as well. Lesser nutrients are absorbed by the body, as intake of calcium and iron is reduced, person can become susceptible to osteoporosis and anemia. The risk of infection is increased due to complicated surgery procedure.
2 Bariatric Surgery
Bariatric surgery is probably the most famous and liked weight loss surgery. It has four different types of surgery like laparoscopic adjustable gastric band, gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy or gastric sleeve surgery, and biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch. This bariatric surgery includes inserting a ring which has an inflatable band on the upper part of the stomach. This makes a small pouch for the food to be stored, limiting the consumption of food. The size of band is adjustable by reducing or increasing the amount of saline water in the band. >/p>
The pros of this surgery are adjustable band, no interference with intestines, it is reversible and non-complicated. Also patients feel less pain after surgery and most importantly, less risk of infection. However with some good points, come bad points also. The cons are that the surgery is not that effective as the other 3 surgeries on this list. You have to continuously follow up with the hospital after the surgery.
3 Gastric Sleeve Surgery
The gastric sleeve surgery is also widely known as the sleeve gastrectomy and it requires removal of most of the stomach via surgery. Usually the surgeon leaves stomach the size of a banana after surgery and you feel satiated after eating small portions of food.
The pros of this surgery are rapid weight loss with no interference with intestines. The process is brief and less complicated with no foreign objects inserted in the body. However the cons of the surgery to consider are that the surgery is irreversible. There is increased risk of infections and complications due to surgery. You will need to supplement your requirement of minerals and vitamins via outside pills as the amount of food you eat will be drastically less.
4 Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch
The Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch is a type of Gastric bypass in which surgeon removes 80% of your stomach in a complicated surgery. What is left is a valve that allows the food in the stomach and a small part of small intestines with major part of small intersections bypassed. The amount of food consumed is reduced and so is the absorption of nutrients and minerals.
The pros of this surgery are weight loss is at a fast speed. Also there is no foreign object inserted in the body and the effects of weight loss surgery are long term. However the cons of the surgery are also important. The surgery is irreversible, infection and complication risks related to the surgery are high.