Britain gives women permission to undergo Womb transplant
Woman has the nature’s gift to bear life and reproduce. But sometimes nature proves to be a cruel thing and there are thousands of women born without a womb every year. But there is good news for such women as they can benefit from a new transplant which has been given approved.
Ten British women will be selected from many applicants and they will be given womb transplants in a trial which starts shortly. The whole process will be funded solely using fund-raising tactics. Though there are reasonable uncertainties about whether the NHS will go on to finance and back the £40,000 procedure, after the research is finished.
Here is all the information that you need to know about the procedure.
1 What is Womb Transplant?
The uterine or womb transplant is the medical process where a strong and healthy uterus is moved into a female who was born without a womb or her womb got damaged somehow.
An unhealthy or absent womb is of no use since it doesn’t permit normal way of embryonic development or implantation, which effectually makes the female sterile. This is known as absolute uterine factor infertility (AUFI). Uterine or womb transplant is a probable treatment for infertility.
2 Where the donated wombs will come from?
Now you require a person to donate the womb for such surgery and medical specialists in the UK say that the wombs will be given from women who are declared brain-dead, meaning women whose hearts are kept beating using medical equipment but are technically brain dead.
The procedure that UK has approved is significantly different than the one which took place in Sweden, where the donors were alive and gave their wombs with permission. Specialists explain that this decision was taken in the UK because the process of surgery to remove the womb is itself a risky proposition.
NHS Blood and Transplant, the UK organ donation organisation, says it will work with the Womb Transplant UK team, to confirm proper procedures are in place for recognizing potential donors and approaching their families in order to get approval for womb donation.
3 How would procedure work?
The operation usually takes around six hours. The receiver will require taking immunosuppressant drugs subsequent the transplant operation and through any pregnancy to avert any chance of the body rejecting the donor organ.
The well-being of the woman will be observed carefully for a year and then an embryo will be implanted in the womb. This embryo will come from an amalgamation of the woman’s own eggs and the partners’ sperm and will be done via IVF procedure. If the procedure works, the baby will be brought into the world after eight months by caesarean section.
Also the couples will be provided with the option of trying for two pregnancies before the womb is removed. Once the womb is no longer desirable, it can be surgically removed by doctors and would spare the woman to take immunosuppressant drugs for the rest of her life.
4 Risks involved in the transplant?
Like with any procedure, this one also has risk involved with it. Any women who want to be a part of this procedure need to think about the likely side-effects of taking drugs.
Other side effects entail bigger chance of infections, osteoporosis and in some extreme cases cancer. Though the experts claim that this risk can be curtailed by removing the womb, but there is a chance of the drugs affecting the evolving foetus.
5 Criteria for selection
The criterion for selection in this procedure is very strict and is as follows:
- The age of the patients need to be between 24 and 38. In some cases it can be 40 if their eggs were frozen before their age was 38.
- They must be qualified for NHS care, should have no noteworthy medical hitches and have a body mass index (BMI) fewer than 30.
- The expectant women should have a long term partner and a stabilised relationship. They should also have their own ovaries and eggs i.e. no donor eggs permitted and be fluent in English.
- Women also need to yield a required amount of acceptable embryos.