10 Bizarre Brain Disorders That Are Mistaken For Psychiatric Problems Instead

7Developmental Topographical Disorientation

Can you imagine what it would be like to be lost everyday even if it was in your home? That what DTD feels like. Sharon Roseman of Colorado is one such patient who is now in her sixties but has been afflicted with the problem since she was 5 years old. It is a rare neurological disease that causes a person to be disoriented in terms of navigation even in familiar surroundings. Sharon said that her condition was so bad when she was older that sometimes she couldn’t even find her kids at night in the house. Her problem was misdiagnosed by many till she met Dr. Guiseppe Iaria a professor of neuroscience at Calgary University who had even published a research paper on DTD in 2008. There is no cure for DTD.

Developmental Topographical Disorientation
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8Musical Hallucinations

This is a condition where a patient will repeatedly hear musical sounds where there is no music playing. They could be real enough to make a patient feel as if an orchestra is playing in their home or surroundings. It could also be popular songs or melodies. The problem isn’t related to psychosis but the fault of a hearing impairment where the brain does not predict what a person is actually hearing but something else instead.

Musical Hallucinations
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All because of a brain error

One such patient called Sylvia found out that listening to real music stopped the hallucinations. By imaging and scans on her brain, doctors identified the regions with the increased hallucinogenic activity. The research helped doctors understand that our brains can only hear one actual chord and predicts the following notes on past experiences of having heard them. In an inaccurate prediction, the brain will then try to predict something new to minimize the error. As the problem progresses, the hallucinogenic sounds increase in intensity and duration.

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9Frontotemporal Dementia

Frontotemporal Dementia is just the opposite of Alzheimer’s. It destroys nerve cells in the frontal lobes and causes behavioral problems that lead to memory loss. It usually attacks people between 45-65. The behavioral stage shows up early and can be mistaken for psychiatric problems. Like dementia, it destroys the quality of life and causes atrophy of the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain. Patients can develop sweet cravings, become violent, hyperactive, hypersexual and impulsive. The hardest symptom that families find difficult to cope with is when patients lose feeling for others.

Frontotemporal Dementia
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10McLeod Syndrome

Mcleod syndrome is caused by an inherited XKgene mutation. It is a neurological disease which occurs mostly in midlife and just 150 men in the world are affected by it. About 50% of the patients will have seizures, and other symptoms may include muscle weakness and muscle atrophy, involuntary jerking of limbs, vocal grunting and grimacing. The behavioral changes make doctors think the problem is a psychiatric one. Many English researchers believe that King Henry suffered from McLeod’s syndrome because he was at first athletic and generous but after 40, he suffered muscle weakness that leads to immobility. He also developed paranoia and psychotic behavior.

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