7 Common skin problems with their causes and cure

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Your face is the index of your mind and your skin is the index of your health. Most of the problems your body is battling internally are reflected by your skin. And good, glowing skin is an attribute of a healthy person. Let’s take a look at some common skin problems, how they occur to you and how you can deal with them.

1 Psoriasis

Psoriasis is an extremely unpleasant skin disorder where skin cells multiply by the dozen and the excessive volume of cells causes raised red plaques, covered with white scales. Psoriasis is prominent on the knees, elbows and scalp of the affected person, sometimes on the torso, palms and soles of the feet.

Cause – Psoriasis is normally caused by abnormalities in the immune system or an infection by the streptococcal bacteria. Mental trauma and emotional stress have the potential to trigger adverse effects in a person’s immune system, causing an outbreak of psoriasis on the skin.

Cure – Ointments that contain Salicylic acid can speed up the shedding of the white scales on the skin. Other treatments include coal-tar ointments and shampoos, steroid based creams, prescription retinoids etc.

Psoriasis

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2 Eczema

There are a number of skin problems that cause the skin to become inflammated and irritated, collectively referred to as eczema. Eczema is also said to trigger asthma. It is extremely common amongst infants. Eczema is characterized by reddish-brown rashes and very itchy skin.

Cause – The exact cause of this skin disorder is unknown, but again it is said to be a resultant of the immune system’s response to an irritant. Atopic eczemas can be caused by food allergens or other environmental factors. It is also genetic.

Cure – Using mild soaps, moisturizing frequently, avoiding foods that are likely to trigger an outbreak, avoiding sweating and overheating, refraining from any sort of scratchy or irritating materials like wool, etc.

Eczema

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3 Vitiligo

It is one of the most unpleasant skin problems characterized by pigments in the skin that lose their ability to function. The affected person has pale and patchy areas where the skin is entirely de-pigmented. This is very prominent on the hands, wrists and on the face.

Cause – Exposure to certain chemicals can render the pigments in the skin functionless. Another cause is directed once again at the dysfunctionality of the immune system. Other causes may be genetic, due to oxidative stress, neural or viral.

Cure – There is no complete cure for vitiligo, but certain treatments can be taken to curb the effects, such as taking topical steroids, calcineurin inhibitors and phototherapy.

Vitiligo

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4 Rosacea

Rosacea is a skin problem that is concentrated on facial skin. This is characterized by extremely red skin, pus filled pimples, solid red bumps and visible blood vessels. The most affected areas on the face are the nose, chin, cheeks and forehead. The nose may also swell up and look bulbous – a condition called rhinophyma.

Cause – Again, the accurate cause of rosacea is unknown but the factors that trigger the disorder are known. Some say it is a disorder of the blood vessels and the connective tissue under the skin, and some say it is caused by microscopic skin mites and fungus.

Cure – Certain oral and topical medications can keep the situation on our face under control. There are also certain surgical procedures such as removing visible blood vessels from the face and nose-disfiguration corrective surgery.

Rosacea

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5 Acne

Acne is one of the most common skin problems. It occurs when hair follicles become clogged with dead skin cells and oil. Blackheads, whiteheads, greasy skin, pimples, etc. are common in persons affected by acne.

Cause – Almost every person, at some point of time in their life, suffer from acne. It has multifarious causes like genetic, hormonal, smoking, psychological, from infections, those pertaining to your diet, etc.

Cure – Refraining from picking at an acne affected face, washing the face regularly, certain medicated drugs and gels, regulation of diet, quitting smoking, etc.

Acne

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6 Cellulitis

This is a disease caused by the infection of skin and the underlying soft tissue. When bacteria enter the skin via any crack or break on the surface of the skin, the person becomes prone to cellulitis. It can occur on any part of the body and is characterized by redness, swelling, leaking of pus etc.

Cause – Any foreign objects under the skin (rust, splinters etc), post-surgical infections, injuries that tear the skin, infections in the bones, etc.

Cure – Elevating the area for reduction of swelling and discomfort caused by it, ample rest and pain relievers to ease the pain and prevent the triggering of a fever from the swelling.

Cellulitis

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7 Carbuncle

This is a contagious skin disorder, characterized by red, swollen and painful clusters of boils on the body. A boil is a resultant of an infected hair follicle. Old age, obesity, diabetes, kidney and liver diseases are all associated with carbuncle.

Carbuncle

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Cause – Carbuncle is caused by the Staphylococcus bacteria. They occupy the nasal, throat passages and the skin surfaces on the human body. They can enter the skin through a hair follicle also, and infect the person.

Cure – Treat carbuncles just like pimples. Refrain from touching or squeezing them. Allow your doctor to cut and get rid of the carbuncles, such that any of the pus doesn’t touch your skin and infect you further.

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