Top 10 largest diamonds in the world
Diamonds aren’t just a girl’s best friend. Everybody loves them and would sure want to have one on their own. Their rareness and the precise work of the jewelers make them even more beautiful and attractive, so that is why their price is so high. Most of the diamonds have some story or legend behind them, and a long history from their discovery to their last owner.
Some of the unique pieces of diamonds that are making the world simply shut up and admire them, are so rare and expensive and belonged to some of the most famous kings and queens through the ages. Lets explore these Top 10 largest diamonds in the world’s list and the awesome history behind all of these.
1. The Great Star of Africa
This is so far the largest cut diamond in the world. It has 530.20 carats, a pear shape cut and warm yellow color . This unique beauty is part of the Royal Scepter which is carefully guarded in the Tower of London. This diamond was cut from the biggest crystal ever found, the 3,106-carat Cullian, which was discovered back in 1905 in Transvaal in South Africa. Before it was officially cut, Joseph Archer and Company of Amsterdam were examining the large crystal for about six months in order to learn how to do the process and get most of the crystal.
2. The Orloff
This diamond originates from India and has a royal green-grayish color. Today this Mogul-cut rose diamond is kept in the Diamond Treasury in Moscow, Russia. It remained there since the reign of Catherine the Great, and this piece of luxury was a present by one of her lovers, Grigori Orloff. It is believed that he bought it back then for about 90 000 Pounds. That’s how the diamond got his name. Before its arrival in Russia, it is believed that this diamond was part of a sanctuary temple in Sriangam, where it was used as a diamond eye of Vishnu’s Idol.
3. The Centenary Diamond
Today this precious stone is set in the British Crown Jewels. It was discovered in the Premier Mine in 1986 and it’s been exactly three years before it got its shape. The diamond is probably one of the first modern cut diamonds and has 273.85 carats, and it is considered to be one of the top-colored and flawless diamonds.
4. The Reagent
Its square shape makes it one of the most, if not the most beautiful diamond in the world today. It was discovered in India in 1698 by Thomas Pit, governor of Madras, who later sent the piece in England, where the stone was cut. Later this diamond ended as a piece of the crown of Luis XV, the French king. This stone got his spot in several crowns of the French rulers, then became part of Napoleon’s sword, and today is kept in the museum of Louvre, in Paris.
5. Koh-i-Noor (Mountain of Light)
This stone originates from 1304, and was part of the British Crowns through the centuries. It has 105.60 carats. The stone originally was captured by Rajahs of Malwa in the sixteenth century by the Mogul, Sultan Babur and remained in the possession of later Mogul emperors. After the Persian kingdom fall apart, the stone somehow got its way to India. Once the British Empire got to India, and the British were fighting to get it, the stone got partially damaged. Later it was presented to Queen Victoria, and in the late eighteen century the stone was cut again. It was part of the Queen’s brooch, then it got its place in one of the royal crowns, and today it is kept in the Tower of London with the rest of the royal items.
6. The Idol’s Eye
This stone contains 70.20 carats and is part of necklace. The legend says that it was used as a ransom for the Princess Rasheetah who was kidnapped by the Turkish Sultan.
7. The Taylor-Burton
This diamond got its name after the famous Hollywood couple, Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton. It was his present for his beloved wife which cost $1,100,000. It has 69.42 carats, and after Burton’s death, Taylor sold the stone for about 2.8 million dollars and donated the money to a hospital in Biafra. But its location today is not clearly known, for it was last seen in Saudi Arabia. It originated from the Premier Min in South Africa.
8. The Sancy
This 55 carat, pear shaped diamond first belonged to Charles the Bold who was a duke of Burgundy, but he lost it in a battle. The stone got its name after a later owner, the French Ambassador in Turkey, Seigheur de Sancy. The stone later traveled to France, where it was borrowed from Sancy to Henry III who wore it in his cape. In the late 1600s it was sold to James I of England. In 1688, James II fled with the stone in France. The stone was kept in the state up till the French Revolution when it was lost.
9. The Blue Hope
This stone was named after his purchaser, Henry Thomas Hope. This stone first was part of the famous Blue Tavernier Diamond, which was brought to Europe from India in l642. Then the diamond got in the hands of King Louis XIV who ordered a new cut in order to improve its brilliance. During the French Revolution, the stone was stolen, but smaller pieces of the original big diamond were sold in England. Ever since it is believed that the stone brings bad luck to its owners such as loosing of the fortune, death and suicides. Henry Winston bought it later but had no luck to sell it because of the rumors that the stone was a bad luck. Today it is on display in the Smithsonian Institute in Washington.
This teardrop shaped peach colored diamond has 20 carats and it’s part of the French Crown Jewels which is displayed in the museum of Louvre in Paris. The diamond got its name after Napoleon Bonaparte’s step daughter who was a Queen of Holland.
Source : http://famousdiamonds.tripod.com/